Its builtup area covers 16.
In a period of twenty days, Chiang's forces killed more than ten thousand people in Changsha and its outskirts.
Changsha has a large thermal generating station linked by a with the nearby industrial centres of and ; the three cities were designated in the 1970s as the nucleus of a major industrial complex.
Changsha is the core city of and a in China, one of the core cities in.
The other minorities make up a significantly smaller part of the population.
During the Mongol conquest of the Southern Song, Tanzhou was fiercely defended by the local Song troops.
Numerous examples of pottery and other objects have been discovered.
Under the Guonaindang General Xue Yue, Changsha was successfully defended three times against the Japanese; Changsha and the vital Guangzhou-Hankou Railway did not fall to the Japanese until early 1945.